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What is allergy
Allergy is an exaggerated response of the immune system. It is known that with each new contact with the triggering agent, it will occur faster and will manifest more aggressively.
Before we understand how the allergic process occurs, it is interesting to understand that immunoglobulin is a protein of great importance to the human body, because it is the one that initiates the defense process against the invasion of microorganisms and infections.
It travels through the body through the bloodstream and reacts immediately against the invading agent as soon as it identifies it. This identification occurs through the memory lymphocyte, which can stay in the body for a lifetime.
During its attack on the antigen (foreign body), the antibody attaches to it promoting the release of histamine, responsible for allergic symptoms.
Histamine is released by lymphocytes in the region where the foreign body is located and also in other regions where it is not present. This process leads to the formation of various edema throughout the body and can become extremely dangerous depending on its location.
The medical specialty that studies diseases related to allergic processes is allergology. This specialty is closely related to immunology, dermatology and pneumology.
This relationship is very important since allergic processes are linked to the immune system and often manifest in the skin and respiratory system.
IMPORTANT: The information on this page is only a source for research and school work. Therefore, they should not be used for medical advice. To do so, see a doctor for guidance and proper treatment.